The popular success of the highly personal and expressive painterly gestures of Abstract Expressionism. Minimalist artists produced pared-down three-dimensional objects devoid of representational content. Their new vocabulary of simplified, geometric forms made from humble industrial materials such as fiberglass and aluminum, and often employing mathematical systems to determine the composition of their works, challenged traditional notions of craftsmanship, the illusion of three dimensions, or spatial depth, and the idea that a work of art must be one of a kind.
Minimal Art is related to a number of other movements such as Conceptual Art in the way the finished work exists merely to convey a theory, Pop Art in their shared fascination with the impersonal and Land Art in the construction of simple shapes. Minimal Art proved highly successful and has been enormously influential on the development of art in the 20th century.
Michael Kimmerle (*1956) studied Grafik-Design at the SHfBK Braunschweig and the Academy ot Fine Arts in Stuttgart. After his work as an Art Director in Düsseldorf he becomes in 1986 an assistent by his former professor Manfred Kröplien in Stuttgart at teh Academy of Arts and founded there the department for publicty. At this time he designed the »self-presentation« of the academy and divers art-catalogues. 1989 followed the independant studio as a part of the office community Ostend106 together with different designers und architects in Stuttgart. Since 2000 he farther works as a designer and painting Fotodesigner in his own office named ART Dirction + Design. Since 2017 he is a member at the German Werkbund.